marquess of queensbury rules

plural noun Marquis of Queens·ber·ry rules \-ˈkwēnz|ˌber|ē- -b(ə)r|, |i-\
: a code of fair play presumed to apply in any fight <recognize no Marquis of Queensberry rules by which moral decorum should regulate and govern their differences — Lucius Garvin>

Alternate title: Queensberry rules

Marquess of Queensberry rules, code of rules that most directly influenced modern boxing. Written by John Graham Chambers, a member of the British Amateur Athletic Club, the rules were first published in 1867 under the sponsorship of John Sholto Douglas, ninth Marquess of Queensberry, from whom they take their name. The rules are as follows:

The Marquess of Queensbury Rules

1:  To be a fair stand-up boxing match in a 24-foot ring, or as near that size as practicable.

2:  No wrestling or hugging allowed.

3:  The rounds to be of three minutes’ duration, and one minute’s time between rounds.

4:  If either man falls through weakness or otherwise, he must get up unassisted, 10 seconds to be allowed him to do so, the other man meanwhile to return to his corner, and when the fallen man is on his legs the round is to be resumed and continued until the three minutes have expired. If one man fails to come to the scratch in the 10 seconds allowed, it shall be in the power of the referee to give his award in favour of the other man.

5:  A man hanging on the ropes in a helpless state, with his toes off the ground, shall be considered down.

6:  No seconds or any other person to be allowed in the ring during the rounds.

7:  Should the contest be stopped by any unavoidable interference, the referee to name the time and place as soon as possible for finishing the contest; so that the match must be won and lost, unless the backers of both men agree to draw the stakes.

8:  The gloves to be fair-sized boxing gloves of the best quality and new.

9:  Should a glove burst, or come off, it must be replaced to the referee’s satisfaction.

10: A man on one knee is considered down and if struck is entitled to the stakes.

11: That no shoes or boots with spikes or sprigs be allowed.

12: The contest in all other respects to be governed by revised London Prize Ring Rules.

Continue to the next page to read about the London Prize Ring Rules

John Carmel Heenan vs Tom King

London Prize Ring rules, set of rules governing bareknuckle boxing, which were adopted in 1838 and revised in 1853. They superseded those drawn up by Jack Broughton, known as the father of English boxing, in 1743. Under the London rules, bouts were held in a 24-ft (7.3-m) square “ring” enclosed by ropes. A knockdown ended the round, followed by a 30-second rest and an additional 8 seconds to regain the centre of the ring. Butting, gouging, hitting below the waist, and kicking were banned. Although the Marquess of Queensberry rules, which called for glove matches, appeared in 1867, professional bareknuckle fights continued. The last heavyweight championship bout held under London rules was in 1889 when John L. Sullivan beat Jake Kilrain in 75 rounds to defend his heavyweight championship.

The Last Great Prize Fight (pic above)

The 10th December 2013 marked the 150th anniversary of the last great prize fight to take place in Britain. John Carmel Heenan, an American born in New York, challenged the British champion, Tom King, to a fight which eventually took place in a field at Turners Green on the outskirts of Wadhurst in East Sussex. In a fascinating booklet, Michael Insley describes the fight and the events leading up to it. Chapter one begins: “At 6.15 a.m. on the morning of Thursday 10th December 1863 a train pulled out of London Bridge Station. It had thirty carriages and was filled with 800 passengers. Each one had paid three guineas for a ticket. Where were they going? The destination was printed on the ticket and stated ‘To Nowhere’.
The train was on time yet already two days late, but there were problems. Because the passengers were going to be engaged in an illegal activity …….”